Thousands of people enter hospitals and doctors every winter due to injuries related to winter weather. The ice, cold, snow, icicles, blizzard, strong wind, low temperatures – all this creates a serious risk of injuries and bruises.
Below we will talk about how injuries can be avoided, and also you will learn how massage helps to cope with pain if you have already been injured.
Follow this advice from orthopedic surgeons to reduce the risk of winter injuries:
- Dress accordingly
Light, multilayer, water-repellent clothing will provide ventilation and heat insulation. It ‘s also important to wear a matching headgear, warm socks, and gloves that will keep your hands and legs warm. To avoid falls, choose shoes without a heel and with a non-slipping sole.
- Be vigilant
Look under your feet. Try to bypass icy sections of the road, curbs, etc. Do not keep your hands in your pockets, because if there is a risk of falling, you will be able to hold your balance with your hands. If you have to go up or down the icy stairs, hold on to the handrails.
Elderly people on a slippery road will better use a cane with a rubber tip or a special stick with pointed spikes, and wear shoes with special anti-icing linings.
When walking, keep your knees relaxed and your hands taken out of your pockets so that in the event of a fall you can try to hold your balance or have time to spread out the force of the fall, which will avoid serious injuries. At the same time, try to protect the “working” (mostly right) hand so as not to break it by falling. If you carry something with you, then hold the item in your main hand because when you fall you will instinctively expose the free hand. Remember – the most frequent injuries on ice are wrist and shoulder fractures.
If you have to go down the slide on the ice, turn sideways. Make sure your legs don ‘t cross as it hurts your balance.
It is really worth learning how to fall so you can reduce the chance of injury.
If you are falling either straight forward or straight backward, try to turn your body so you land on your side.
Therapeutic massage against injuries
Various injuries are often accompanied by pain and discomfort. To alleviate pain, people very often seek help from masseurs, because massage helps to relieve discomfort and accelerates the healing process. In the patient, the function of the body part is often impaired after the injury and swelling can occur.
Massage therapy against winter injuries includes the following:
- Being a skin irritant it promotes active cutaneous hyperemia (increased blood filling);
- Activates muscle contractions;
- Dramatically reduces the sensitivity of peripheral (remote from the center) nerves, at the same time as the general pain of the injured area;
- Favors active blood flow to the massaged area while stimulating metabolic processes therein;
- Prevents possible atrophy;
- Promotes rapid bone central callus formation;
- Effectively acts on the resorption of edema, hemorrhage;
- Strengthens muscles and improves tissue trophic.
Massage techniques details
Therapeutic massage techniques for healing winter injuries are the same as in sports massage and general massage: squeezing, rubbing, smoothing, warm-up and others. The choice of techniques depends on the configuration of the muscles, the nature and the place of injury.
If there has been a soft tissue injury in which there is no rupture of large vessels, it is desirable to start massage on the 2nd day after its preparation. The pose of the massaged should be such that the whole body is in a relaxed position.
Massage therapy, which is carried out in case of injuries of the musculoskeletal system, is divided into two stages: preparatory and main.
Preparatory massage is carried out on non-traumatic parts. Massage is done 2-3 times a day, lasting 6-7 minutes, depending on the type of trauma and pain. Massage should be started with easy smoothing, which is performed on the area slightly above the trauma. After gradual addiction of the injured, stronger smoothing and intensive squeezing are carried out without causing pain. By repeating the squeeze 2-3 times, a combined smoothing is performed once more, then a slight warm-up that captures most of the tissues. In case the trauma is obtained in the area consisting of large muscles, the method of warm-up, double ring and long are used. During the massage, warm-up techniques shall alternate with smoothing and shaking techniques. For the first sessions of preliminary stage, massage time is allocated as follows: for a warm-up and smoothing – 5-6 minutes, and for shaking – 1 minute.
After 2-3 days, after the preparatory massage sessions, it is possible to start the main one. It is performed on the injured area. This massage is started only if the injured person does not show pain in the area of bruising, tissue swelling and high temperature.
Massage is started by stroking, squeezing and warm-up the areas above the injury area, after which the injury area is massaged. Light combined smoothing and rubbing are used. At the moment of stroking there are pressures of different force: the further from the problem area – the stronger.
Massage also contributes to the general strengthening of immunity, which also accelerates recovery. Massage helps to cope with psychological and emotional tensions and has a beneficial effect on the nervous system.
If you have suffered an injury or severe bruising, it is recommended to consult the masseur, but before that, make sure to consult your doctor, because in some cases massage can be contraindicated.